ALARIC II°


ALARIC II°
ALARIC II° (485–507), Visigothic king. Alaric II was a strong and prudent ruler of the Visigoths, who had established themselves in Spain and southern France on the breakdown of the western Roman Empire. The Visigoths had adopted Arian Christianity, a form which their orthodox Roman subjects hated as heretical. Probably because of this the rulers were inclined to favor their Jewish subjects, though the only known details are what can be culled from the Visigothic laws. In 506 Alaric issued a shortened compendium of the Roman Codex Theodosianus of the middle of the fifth century, known as the Breviarium Alariciense. In this the laws affecting Jews were reduced from over 50 to 10, omitting many which were contradictory. Those forbidding violence against Jews were also omitted, not from anti-Jewish feeling, but as unnecessary. Jews were still basically Roman citizens, but the exceptions to their equality with other citizens remained though no new restrictions were added. The only privilege allowed them was freedom from court action on their holy days. They were excluded from honors, but had to bear all the burdens of public life. They were refused any authority over Christians or the purchase of Christian slaves, and those they inherited they were not allowed to circumcise. They were punished if they molested a Jew who sought baptism, and their clergy enjoyed no immunities. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Parkes, Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue (1934), 317 ff., 351 ff. (James W. Parkes)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alaric I — ( Alareiks in the original Gothic; Alarik or Alarich in modern Germanic languages; Alaricus in Latin; and Alarico in Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish), was likely born about 370 on an island named Peuce (the Fir) at the mouth of the Danube. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Alaric — is a Germanic name that, broken into its parts means Ala everyone s and ric ruler . This has various forms in the several Germanic languages, such as Alareiks in the original Gothic and Alrekr in Old Norse. Most modern Germanic languages render… …   Wikipedia

  • Alaric — [al′ə rik] 1. A.D. 370 410; king of the Visigoths (395? 410): captured Rome (410) 2. Alaric II died A.D. 507; king of the Visigoths (484? 507): issued a code of laws …   English World dictionary

  • Alăric — (d A.), Kanal im Dep. Oberpyrenäen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alaric — m English (rare): from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ala all or ali stranger + rīc power, ruler, which was introduced to Britain in this form by the Normans. The first element may also in part derive from a contracted form of… …   First names dictionary

  • Alaric II — roi des Wisigoths (484 507), tué par Clovis à Vouillé …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alaric — Alaric, Alric Rencontré surtout dans le Sud, c est un nom de personne d origine germanique (ala = tout + ric = puissant) …   Noms de famille

  • Alaric — Visigothic masc. proper name, lit. all ruler, from P.Gmc. *ala all + *rikja rule (see RICH (Cf. rich)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Alaric — (c. 370 410)    Great Visigothic king and warrior whose sack of the ancient capital city of Rome in 410, following the assassination of his rival Stilicho, profoundly shocked and dismayed the people of the Roman Empire, a shock from which the… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Alaric II — (d. 507)    Visigothic king of Toulouse (484 507) who traditionally has been seen as a weak and unworthy successor to his great father Euric, but who more recently has been seen as an important and innovative king. Even by traditional estimates,… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe


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